Beijing Baiyunguan Temple

Address: East of Baiyun Road Fuxingmenwai Xicheng Dis.
Tel: +86-10-63443666
Entrance Fee: 10 RMB

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Introduction

Beijing Baiyunguan Temple is the first Taoism Temple as well as one of the greatest Taoism Temples throughout China. It stands a very high place in the heart of Taoists. At the same time, it is also the best preserved Taoism Temple as well as possesses the largest variety of Taoism heritage throughout the nation. Thus, it continues to attract many Taoists from all over the world to visit here.

Baiyunguan was built on the ruins of Tianchangguan of Tang Dynasty. The original architecture was constructed in 741 and the stone sculpture of Laojun that enshrine within the temple was said to be carved during that period. In year 1160, Tianchangguan had been destroyed in a fire. Anyway, it was rebuilt after seven years later. In 1174, after the construction had all completed a huge celebration ceremony which lasted for three days and three nights were taken place here. The emperor of Jin Dynasty had brought hundreds of ministers to take part in this ceremony as well.

Sad to say that, the temple was once again destroyed by a fire in year 1202 and only the stone sculpture of Laojun was left. After several times of reconstruction and renamed, the temple was finally named as Baiyunguan in the early period of Ming Dynasty. Later in Qing Dynasty, a large scale of refurbishment had been taken place which formed the basic structure of Baiyunguan as we can see today.

Baiyunguan was divided into Middle Hall, East Hall and West Hall. Some of the interesting spots of Baiyunguan are listed as follow:
1. Yingbi (Shadow Wall)
Yingbi is located right in front of the main entrance. There four Chinese characters on Yingbi were written by Zhao Mengfu, a famous calligrapher of Yuan Dynasty.

2. Archway
This is one of the most important structures of Baiyunguan. It was originally built as a Lingxing Gate and later it was transformed into an archway in Ming Dynasty.

3. Shanmen (Hill Gate)
Shanmen is a three-holed entrance which was piled up by stones. The stone wall of the gate is uniquely decorated with delicate carving. If you look carefully, you may find that there is a stone carved monkey hidden within the images on the eastern side of the central-holed entrance. The people believe that the stone monkey was embodiment of immortal. All tourists that visit Baiyunguan will touch this money for a good fortune. In fact, there are another two hidden stone monkeys within this temple. Unless you search for it carefully, otherwise, you will not find the rest.

4. Yuhuang Hall
The wooden statue which is placed at the center was carved within Ming Dynasty whereas another six statues which surrounding the wooden statue were mold within Emperor Wanli of Ming Dynasty. The other decorations in the room were basically art works of Qing Dynasty on the other hand.

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