Former Residence of Lu Xun

Address: No 19 Neigong Menkou Ertiao Fuchengmen Xicheng Dis.
Tel: +86-10-6615654
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Introduction

Lu Xun was one of the most famous revolutionary and educator throughout China. He had contributed a lot especially to the research and expansion of humanistic ideas during the early 20th centuries. Throughout his life, he had made home at four different locations, including Beijing, Shanghai, Zhaoxing and Guangzhou. His former residence in Beijing has been developed into a Museum of Anthropology.
The Former Residence of Lu Xun which located at Xicheng District of Beijing was the residence for Lu Xun within year 1924 and 1926 when he temporary stayed at Beijing. Lu Xun, who born in year 1881 at Zhaoxing, Zhejiang Province was a modern writer and can be considered as the founder of modern Chinese literature. He wrote short stories, critics, essays as well as poems. He had produced many famous writings throughout his life, such as Huagai Ji (Selected Stories of Lu Xun), Xubian Huagai Ji (Selected Stories of Lu Xun 2), Fen (Grave), Yecao (Wild Grass), Panghuang (Wondering) etc.
The Former Residence of Lu Xun in Beijing is a very typical small Siheyuan which was designed by Lu Xun his own. He moved in this Siheyuan on the May of 1924 and stayed here for over 2 years before he transferred to Southern part of China. All the designs of architecture as well as the furniture used are very simple, just similar to other neighboring houses. The area of this Siheyuan is relatively small when compared with others. Once entering the main gate, you will be standing in a small courtyard. The building which situated to the north of this courtyard was the rooms for Lu Xun’s mother and his wife, Zhu An. The western side of the courtyard was the kitchen of this residence while the eastern side was the rooms for their servants. The meeting room as well as the book room for Lu Xun was set at the southern part of the whole structure. Besides that, a small room which was located at the back of the main room was the bedroom as well as the studio for Lu Xun.
Lu Xun was previously lived together with his big families before he moved to this residence. He moved out in urgent due to the quarrel with his brother, Zhou Zuoren. Before he bought this courtyard, he had been staying at a room which was only a few square meters as for tight budget. Nine months later, with the aids from his friends, Lu Xun had bought this courtyard. By the time he bought this courtyard, it was only an old and dilapidated courtyard. In order to provide a better living surrounding for his mother as well as himself, he had re-designed the whole surrounding by his own and renovated the old buildings within the courtyard.
There were only 6 rooms where 3 rooms each on the southern and northern part of the courtyard at the first place. Lu Xun had added side halls on both eastern and western side of the courtyard and thus increased the efficiency of space usage within this limited area. Moreover, he also dug well within this courtyard for the water supply of their daily livings. On top of that, lush green trees and flowers were planted here in order to create a better living space. After all the renovations were completed, Lu Xun, together with his mother and wife had moved here on the May of 1924.
The well which was said dug by Lu Xun himself was situated at the back yard of the residence. The mouth of the well was surrounded by white fences which make you could see it from afar. Anyway, the mouth of the well was closed by two pieces of stone plate. However, the well which previously served as the major water supply for the whole family of Lu Xun was currently left as a dried well.
The bedroom of Lu Xun is normally the last destination for the visit to the Former Residences for Lu Xun. The bedroom which also served as the studio for Lu Xun was situated at the back of the main room. The Beijing locals named this kind of room design as Tiger Tail as it looks as it is located at the back of the main building structure. The total area of this room is less than 10 square meters with a single bed just in front of the window. A desk with an oil lamp, an old-styled alarm clock as well as a photo frame can be found next to the single bed. The photo which was placed within the photo frame was the images of Lu Xun which taken together with his lecturer, Mr. Fujino Genkurou. Lush greenery can be seen through the window.
In year 1926, Lu Xun had left Beijing for his career at Southern part of China. Anyway, his wife Zhu An and his mother still stayed here. After the death of Lu Xun’s mother in year 1943, Zhu An turned to be only one who stayed within his courtyard. Although the yard was a bit small when compared to other Siheyuan, the size is more than enough to fulfill the daily living of a single person. She lived here until June 1947 when she passed away. After the death of both Zhu An and Lu Xun’s mother, the courtyard was abandoned. In order to protect and conserved all the hand writings of Lu Xun as well as his collections of books, one of Lu Xun’s best friend had obtained the approval through the Court to take over the right of management of this peaceful courtyard. Therefore, all the belongings of Lu Xun were successfully protected and the whole building was well preserved.

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