|Address: No 2 Minzu South Road Chengguan District Lhasa Tibet
Entrance Fee: 30 RMB
|The Tibet Museum was officially inaugurated in October of 1999, with a permanent collection that celebrates the History of Tibetan Culture. The design of the exhibition hall uses traditional Tibetan architecture such as Tibetan doors, beam-decoration and patterns, in order to create an atmosphere of authentic Tibetan art. The History of Tibetan Culture Exhibition incorporates superb examples of several thousand years of Tibetan history, politics, religion, cultural arts and local customs. Besides exhibiting the long history of the Tibetan people and their vast and deep culture, the museum also express the fact that Tibet as an inalienable part of Chinese territory through various types of exhibited objects. The museum displays around 1,000 precious objects, in an area around 3,000 square meters. The exhibited contents are divided into pre-history culture, indivisible history, culture and arts, and people’s customs.
Pre-history Exhibition Hall covers the period that stretches back fifty thousand years to three thousand years before the present. The Karuo and Qugong sites are representative of the Neolithic in Tibet. With a large number of characteristic stone tools, pottery, bone objects and metal objects, this exhibition expresses the life of the ancient people of the Tibetan plateau. Moreover, it also shows the cultural origins of the precursors of the Tibetan people, as well as their connections with the central plains civilization and Indus River civilization.
2. Indivisible History
Indivisible History Section includes material on different dynastic periods of Tibetan history, including Tibetan regional powers. Its main section revolves around the relationship between the Chinese central government and the Tibetan regional powers as well as discusses friendly relations between Han and Zang people (Tibetan People). A large number of historically valuable objects as well as cultural relics that have political significance are displayed within this exhibition. These include seals, books, official documents, and so on, that clearly indicate the cordial relations that Han and Tibetan people have long enjoyed and the bonds of friendship due to the effective governance of Tibet by successive dynasties in China. It proves that Tibet has been an inalienable part of China since the Yuan dynasty.
3. Culture and Arts
Cultural Arts Section which divided into eight segments is exhibited the development of Tibetan-script books, documents and scrolls, the arts of Tibetan theater, Tibetan musical instruments, Tibetan medicine, Tibetan astronomy and calendar reckoning, Tibetan sculpture, and thanka or painting arts. All these precious artifacts have depicted an artistic and cultural overview of the last thousand years of Tibetan arts and display the once-glorious peaks of Tibetan arts and culture thoroughly. Moreover, all the exhibited artifacts are treasures of the Tibetan Autonomous Region Cultural Relics Protection Organization that was set up after the establishment of the PRC. Some of these treasures are unique and being shown to the world for the first time; they are historical evidence of the history of Tibetan civilization.
4. People’s Customs
The section of People’s Culture is divided into six segments, which include the displays of Tibetan people’s costumes, items of daily life, arts and handicrafts, means of communication and etc. From a variety of perspectives, the exhibition has fully shown how Tibetan people dressed, what they ate, how they lived, their marriage and funeral customs, and so on. The exhibits also reflect the friendly relations of Tibetan people with those on their borders, including the influence of Han culture on Tibetan culture and the mutual influence and interpenetration of these two traditions.