Beijing bus

 

Beijing bus 01The development of Beijing bus was begun in the early stage of 20th century when the Beijing Tram Company was setup in 1921. The first electrical tram with overall length of route 9 km and 10 trams were put into service in 1924. The amount of trams was increase to 96 upon 1935. The Preparation Committee of Beijing Buses was established, 30 buses had been purchased and the first bus line was introduced on the August at the same year. The development of Beijing bus was kept on going until the bankruptcy of this company in 1948 due to the management problem and Second World War.


Beijing bus 02From1949 until October of 1956 was the most difficult time in the history of the recovery of Beijing buses. Since the liberation of Beijing in 1949, there were 103 electrical trams in Beijing which provided transportation for 7 lines; 61 buses for 4 lines. Until 1956, the total of buses had been increased to 27 lines with operational routes up to 357 km and passenger traffic over 23 thousands annually. From 1966 onwards was the stage of development for integrated transportation system for Beijing public transport. More buses were put into service which new lines and routes were introduced in order to ensure the outings of Beijing citizens could be in a more convenient way.


Beijing bus 03In 1999, Beijing buses which were previously powered by diesel had been replaced by more environmental friendly buses powered by natural gases. These kinds of buses had therefore replaced almost all old buses especially for those that run along Changan Street and 2nd ring road. Until 2000, the total amount of clean fuel vehicles in Beijing had reached 5923 which was about 79% of total public transports here. It was said that Beijing might become the city with the most buses powered by natural gases running all over the world in near future.


Beijing bus 04Started from 2007, the Management of Beijing Bus Group realigned the entire bus fare and disabled the use of monthly ticket which had been used for past 50 years. In order to encourage passengers to use IC Card or more commonly known as Yikatong, 80% discount will be offered to students while 60% off for adults. After this realignment of bus fare, the daily passenger traffic seemed to grow in an ascending way and the operations of the company were going smooth too. As a result, the annual passenger traffic at the end of 2007 had reached as much as 40.97 billion which was an increase of 20% when compared with previous year.


Nowadays, there are more than 500 bus routes throughout Beijing city. In other word, it is possible to travel to any destination in Beijing by using this huge and complex bus system. Buses in Beijing are numbered from 1 to 999 with different range of number means different type of service area as follow:

Lines
Service Area
By Cash
By IC Card
1-199
Inner city only. This is most suitable for travelers who would like to travel in Beijing city
1 RMB flat rate
0.40 RMB flat rate
200-299
Night services in inner city only.
2 RMB flat rate
0.40 RMB flat rate
300-399
Services in suburbs, outside of 2nd ring road. Travelers could take this line to visit some attractions located not far from inner city such as the Summer Palace.
1 RMB for first 12 km; 0.50 RMB for each additional 5 km
0.40 RMB flat rate
400-599
Community Service in suburbs.
1 RMB for first 12 km; 0.50 RMB for each additional 5 km
0.40 RMB for first 12 km; 0.20 RMB for each additional 5 km
600-799
Services with longer routes in both inner city and suburbs.
1 RMB for first 12 km; 0.50 RMB for each additional 5 km
0.40 RMB for first 12 km; 0.20 RMB for each additional 5 km
800-899
Air-conditioned buses in both inner city and suburbs.
1 RMB for first 12 km; 0.50 RMB for each additional 5 km
0.40 RMB for first 12 km; 0.20 RMB for each additional 5 km
900-999
Services throughout inner city and suburbs, especially to some remote destinations of Beijing.
1 RMB for first 12 km; 0.50 RMB for each additional 5 km
0.40 RMB for first 12 km; 0.20 RMB for each additional 5 km