Beijing city at the Latitude 39 ° 56 ‘, longitude 116 ° 20’ is situated at North China Plain between the connecting part of Taihang Mountains and Yanshan Mountains. Beijing is about 150 kilometers to the West of Bohai Sea, the innermost gulf of the Yellow Sea on the coast of northeastern China. The Southeastern part of Beijing is large plain while western and northern part of Beijing is occupied by mountains.
Beijing plain is at a average of within 20 to 60 meters above sea level, while the mountains might be around 1000 to 1500 meters above sea level. Dongling Mountain which is 2309 meters above sea level is the highest peak of Beijing. There are five main rivers flow within Beijing area, which is Chaobai River and Beiyun River at the East as well as Yongding River and Juma River at the West. The topography of Beijing is in a state of mountains at the western and northern part while lower in comparison at the eastern and southern part of Beijing.