The modern metropolis of Beijing has total area reaching 16808 sq km which includes 735 sq km of city area has become a shinning star that attracts the eyes of the world. The development of traffic especially the roads and transportations has played a vital role in this case. The roads in Beijing can be described as if a chess board which roads are symmetrically placed basically in any one of four compass directions.
Changan Street is the world’s largest and widest road which on east-west axis passing through Beijing city. Together with the development of Beijing, the number of vehicles has reached the amount of over 3 millions. As a result, traffic congestions are a common phenomenon especially in the morning and evening. Some steps have been taken by the authority of Beijing in order to improve the traffic condition. Thus, a campaign which encourages citizens to use public transports and drive one day less is taken place in Beijing. There is a one-day restriction for private cars to be on the road depending on last digit of plat number. There is no limitation for weekends. This campaign has therefore reduced the traffic of private cars up to 20% on every working day. The restriction does not apply to public transportation such as buses and taxis. So, citizens are encouraged to choose public transports as the traveling method.
Currently, there are about 20.5 thousands busses and over 60 thousands taxis operating throughout Beijing city. Besides that, there are also eight subway lines available in Beijing which enables easy-reach to city centre, business districts as well as some famous tourist attractions. Moreover, there are many new subway lines which are still under constructions. It is hope that tourists will be able to reach all Beijing attractions by subway easily in near future.
Besides being the political, cultural and economic centre of China, Beijing is also one of the central hubs for railway system. The railways which passing through Beijing are Jingjiu Railway connects Beijing and Kowloon, Jinghu Railway, Jinghu Railway connects Beijing and Shanghai, Jingguang Railway connects Beijing and Guangzhou, Jingha Railway connects Beijing and Harbin, Jingbao Railway connects Beijing and Baotou, Jingyuan Railway connects Beijing and Yuanping, Jingtong Railway connects Beijing and Tongliao and Jingcheng Railway connects Beijing and Chengde. Besides that, trains which are headed to a few cities of Russia, Pyongyang the capital of North Korea as well as Hanoi the capital of Vietnam are all departed from Beijing. Moreover, the new Jingjin Express Railway has enabled transportation between Beijing and Tianjin within half and hour.